The 1910 census was carried out for the population of the United States and by the government of that country. As such, the 1910 Census was the thirteenth U.S. census. Among other things, the 1910 census is known for showing that the population of the United States had increased by 21% since the time of the last census, as had been conducted a decade before and as such then stood at over 92 million people.
Moreover, in this regard the comparison between the 1910 census and its 1900-conducted predecessor also mirrored the numerical relationship between that census and its predecessor in national surveys. The 1910 census has thus survived in U.S. history, beyond its immediate applicability to practical questions of governance wrestled with at the time, in showing the continued statistical upswing in American population numbers as took place as the 19th turned into the 20th century.
Respondents to the 1910 census were asked to provide various items of potential interest and statistical value about themselves in filling out the form. In view of the large numbers of immigrants then arriving from Europe and other parts of the world at the time, one question asked on the 1910 census was to the effect of whether the particular individual filling out the form had been born in the U.S. or some other country. If the answer was positive in regard to the latter possibility, then the 1910 census also looked in the current national status of that person, and her or his level of English.