The Office of Science and Technology Policy is an office within the overall Executive Office of the President, and thus it operates under the jurisdiction of the President of the United States of America. The Office of Science and Technology Policy serves, like most cabinet positions and offices, an advisory role within the Executive Office of the President, as it provides the President with important advice and information concerning scientific and technological affairs, both at home and in the international world.
The Office of Science and Technology Policy makes sure that the President and other important offices within the Executive Office are aware of the impacts of technology upon any decisions they might make. The Office of Science and Technology Policy also makes sure that sensible and useful policies concerning technology and science are implemented throughout the administration, particularly in terms of applying technology and science in useful ways for the overall growth of the economy.
The Office of Science and Technology Policy thus is primarily in charge of the relationship between the executive branch of the government and the role of science and technology within the nation. To a certain extent, then, this means that the Office of Science and Technology Policy has some amount of influence on almost every area within the overall nation, as science and technology is significant in almost every sphere of operation for the United States of America.