The California State Legislature is the body responsible for creating, repealing, and modifying laws in California. The California State Legislature is a bicameral body, which means that it is composed of two different houses. The lower house of the California legislature is the California State Assembly, while the upper house of the California legislature is the California State Senate. The California State Assembly has 80 members, while the California State Senate has 40 members.
Representatives in the lower house of the California legislature hold two year terms of office, with a limit of three terms. Representatives in the upper house of the California legislature hold four year terms of office, with a limit of two terms of office. Each member of the California State Legislature, whether in the Assembly or the Senate, is elected from a single district.
This means that there are 40 districts for elections of the upper house of the California State Legislature, and there are 80 districts for elections of the lower house of the California State Legislature. Both houses of the California State Legislature convene in Sacramento, California, at the California State Capitol building.
The California legislature functions similarly to the legislatures for the country as a whole, and the other state legislatures throughout the nation. One of the most important ways in which the California State Legislature differs from other state legislatures is in the fact that for any bill which would modify the taxes imposed on California state residents, or for the budget of California, a 2/3 majority is necessary in both houses for the bill or budget to pass.