The term "welfare state" is used to describe a government that fully protects and upholds the well-being and welfare of its citizens. Individuals who live under such a government possess extensive welfare rights, which allows them to be cared for in various aspects.
A welfare state is responsible for providing citizens with social, material, economic, and physical necessities. As a result, individuals are not required to provide for themselves. Welfare economics focus on establishing economic equality, in order to ensure that all citizens experience suitable standards of living.
There are few governments that have successfully established a complete welfare state. For example, in the United States, individuals may qualify for welfare, such as social security benefits, if they meet certain eligibility requirements. However, not all United States citizens receive welfare.
In a welfare state, the government will provide citizens with health care, education, sustenance, housing, and pension plans. In addition, an individual will experience the benefits of sick leave, supplemental income, and unemployment insurance.
One feature that often causes debate when considering a welfare state is wage control, which creates equal wages for all citizens. Despite this point of contention, there are many advantageous aspects of a wage state.
Generally, a government that practices welfare economics relies on taxes and government insurance programs to provide the funds that are necessary to meet the needs of citizens. In addition to basic necessities, these funds are used to provide public services, such as transportation, libraries, and parks.